Milan Karlo & Ellis Island Medal of Honor Nomination, August, 1986

I recently found an article clipping of this letter that appeared in the American SRBOBRAN, entitled

Milan Karlo Nominee for Ellis Island Medal of Honor

I decided it must be recorded for history before it becomes lost again. I’m sure the original is in NY.

Ellis Island and Milan Karlo

 136 Kenney Drive, Sewickley, PA 15143 8/13/1986

Ellis Island Medal of Honor  P.O. Box 3500, New York, New York 10163

Dear Statue of Liberty: Ellis Island Foundation Members,

I would like to nominate Milan M. Karlo, an American citizen of Serbian ancestry for the Ellis Island Medal of Honor.  I know of no other who has made so many contributions to American Serbs over such a sustained period of time.  Milan Karlo’s entire adult life has been spent perpetuating and preserving the Serbian cultural and religious heritage in America.  He, best of all others, has exemplified the ideals of his beloved America, while cherishing the values and tenets of his Serbian background.

He wasn’t born deaf, but he was totally deaf by the time he was sixteen.  He was hungry many times while growing up in Larkins Way alley of Pittsburgh’s South Side, home to most of the Jones and Laughlin steel mill workers and their families. 


Yet this son, born March 7, 1913 to Serbian pioneer immigrants, Stana and Samojilo Karajlovich, overcame such handicaps and rose to become the English Section Editor and official professional Photographer of the American SRBOBRAN, a Pittsburgh-based fraternal newspaper that went to approximately 50,000 homes of Serbian ancestry throught the United States and Canada. 

He was editor of his own magazine AMERICAN SERB LIFE, editor of the Diocesan OBSERVER, and author of the newly published book, EARLY DAYS: SERBIAN SETTLERS IN AMERICA.

A Quick Thinker

Milan showed his quick thinking abilities early in life.  He had gone to school with many of the more prominent and affluent children of the neighborhood.  Unkindly, they would tease the less fortunate first-generation immigrant children with taunts or phrases such as, Last night we had pork chops and tonight we’re having steaks!”  While the seven younger children in his family just  looked on pathetically, Milan quickly said, “Why that’s nothing!  Last night we had gra i kupus and TONIGHT, tonight we’re having kupus i gra!”  And he said it with such an air of nobility, that the hecklers thought it was a dish of Royalty! 

The younger and formerly embarrassed Serbian children now rolled their eyes and smiled Cheshire grins at their tormentors.  How could these “Keksari” (cake eater) show-offs have known that he had beans and sauerkraut one night, and sauerkraut and beans the next, and the next, and the next night too?

A Man’s Character Formed When Young

Young Milan worked hard as a young boy, selling newspapers on the corner for two cents a copy.  The boy who warmed himself from the cold winter snow in front of a homemade oil barrel furnace always prided himself on never being “Short” when it came time to paying his employer the weekly collections.  Even then, Milan was priased for his Honesty, Integrity and Hard Work Ethic.  From paper boy to editor…. why even the Pittsburgh Press and Post-Gazette recognized Milan’s outstanding accomplishments despite his handicaps in a feature Sunday ROTO magazine article enititled “His Eyes Are His Ears.” 

No One Can Write Like Karlo Did!

While holding the post with the American SRBOBRAN for twenty years from the 1940’s to the 1960’s (with a few years at the copy desk of the San Francisco Chronicle), Milan traveled the myriad Serbian colonies throughout the United States and Canada, capturing human interest stories of Serbian immigrants whether in Gary Indiana; Steelton, Pennsylvania, or Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. 

He wrote of steel mill workers and musicians, of coal miners and farmers.  He and his cameras were recognized by young and old alike, as he photographed and wrote about the American-Serb mushball, basketball, golf and bowling tournaments, year after exciting year.

Hundreds of faithful readers mourned his leaving the Pittsburgh-based newspaper, and echoes of “No one can write like Karlo did,” are still heard throughout the land at various Serbian functions.

Milan Moves To Libertyville, IL

Milan then moved to the Mid-West, heading up the Diocesan OBSERVER, another newspaper printed in both Serbian and English which helped to preserve the heritage of the American born Serb, while at the same time, aided in easing the lonliness felt by some of the newly-arrived Yugoslavian immigrants.  The OBSERVER also helped the new immigrants make the transition and assimilation into their new homeland more readily.   

During his term with the OBSERVER (or American SRBOBRAN), Milan met and walked with kings and princes, Bishops, famous contractors, lawyers, politicians, and just plain good folks, and he wrote about them all. He made each of these stories “come alive”- with his wonderful writing abilitilies.

Although Milan had no formal college degrees except his graduation from the prestigious Rochester Institute of Photography in New York, and only a mail correspondence certificate in Journalism from the University of Chicago (ahead of his time now!), no one could question his ability to write with such insight, clarity and truthfulness.


 Retirement Age -Not for Long

At age 65, Milan thought he would retire to Tucson, Aarizona, and spend the rest of his days pursuing his photographic hobbies, but retirement has been short lived.  Soon after establishing his roots in the Arizona desert area, he was traveling throughout the western parts of the United States, gathering information for his new book EARLY DAYS: SERBIAN SETTLERS IN AMERICA. 

Milan long lamented the lack of any kind of Reference material on American Serbs.  Scouring libraries and well-known research centers like the ones in Utah, did nothing to help with his scholarship, but did further ignite his desire to make his first-hand work a reality.  With his unprescenedent history of American Serbs, EARLY DAYS, SERBIAN SETTLERS IN AMERICA, Milan has contributed a  distinguished service to all Americans.  

As readers, we meet the hard-working, brave, prudent and honorable men and women who helped build America as much as those who laid her rails, dug up her minerals, and forged the steel for her industrial engine, which, indeed, the immigrants of all nationalities did in conjuction.

Here is a paragraph from a chapter of Milan’s own boyhood that mirrors the times and lives of many immigrants then:

….. The TIMES were good ethically.  Everyone was ‘pošten’ (honest).   The deals were sealed with a mere handshake.  A given word was their bond…“moja beseda je zlatno.” (my word is like gold).   People freely borrowed from one another, certain of repayment–or more–in kind.  Compatriots Ivanovich, Milkovich and Trbovich carried the Serbs in the time of need.  Samojilo’s (Milan’s father) need was so great during the Depression, it took him two years to pay his bill with Ivanovich, which event he then celebrated as a second Slava (the most important religious holdiay/feast for Serbian families), inviting over the entire neighborhood, including the cop on the beat and the postman!”

A Labor of Love

So Today’s Children

Can Show Their Children

Karlo’s own memories are but a minute part of the book.  The first part of a proposed three part study deals mainly with the life and times of the first settlers in the West. The author traveled more than 100,000 miles back and forth over the last five years in the quest for first hand material and pictures through the states of Arizona, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, Montana, Washington, California and Texas.    

The book features gem-like  quality stories of Serbs in America: small merchants, pool room owners, fruit peddlers, miners and suppliers and followers of the Californian and Alaskan gold rushes.  

There are stories of successful lawyers, educators and political leaders, and  contractors  who contribute their rise to prominence on the love and sacrifices their parents made for them.  It is a book for every Serbian family’s home. 

Milan said the book was written so that today’s children can show their children.  It was a labor of love.  “The Serbs, we believe,” he writes, “as the Greeks, Italians, Poles and others Slavs and Mexicans, could teach the world of enduring family values, virtue and the highest of morals, honestry, truth and integrity.


Continued above, right column

Story Letter Continued from Left hand column:

Milan Karlo has done many other things as labors of love for his Serbian people.  He has produced many “Spomenicas” or souvenir booklets for various church groups, and charity organizations throughout the years.  Milan’s photographs, for the most part, were paid for with his own time and money, but they invoke precious memories of young and old alike.

American SERB LIFE magazine

An earlier labor of love project was Milan’s publication of the American SERB LIFE, a magazine that would preserve Serbian heritage for his fellow American Serbs.  Although the idea was good, the magazine was short-lived because Serbians at that time were too poor to support a 35 cent magazine in 1948,  and it died befor a year had passed, costing the editor and his wife, Laura Karlo, $6,000  of their own money invested.

YET, the people who DID subscribe were grateful for the publication, as evidenced here in comments from the Letter Box section of February, 1948:

“A great movement!  I hope it will weld ever closer our youth.”  Milena Boljarevich, Philadelphia, PA.

“I am so happy over the debut of ‘A.S. Life!’ Anything I can do, let me know.” Sam Postin, Detroit, Michigan.

Duty-bound for the sake of my three children to subscribe… Theodore Zivkovic, Powhattan Point, Ohio.

“The field you are trying to cover is very important and beneficial to the cause of Americans of Serbian descent, becasue it will bring them closer for many worthwhile undertakings.”  L. M. Peyovich, Chicago, IL.

Authors who contributed to American SERB LIFE then are well-known in other fields now:  

Helen Delich, who wrote about life in the copper mines of Nevada, is now U.S. Congresswoman Helen Delich Bentley and

American SERB LIFE sportswriter Vic Danilov is the Director of the Chicago’s Heard Museum.

John Mamula, a prominent lawyer from Clairton, PA has since passed away.


Thank goodness A. S. Life’s lifeline was long enough to include three installments of Nick Lalich’s personal diary: “I was With Mihailovich.”

Lalich was an O.S.S. (Office of Strategic Services) Captain in charge of a special mission to evacuate U.S. Airmen from Mihailovich-controlled Serbia.  

The Diary tells the “inside story” of the dramatic rescue of 500 U.S. flyers from Axis-encircled Serbia in 1944.  

Because of the diary, American Serbs have undisputable proof as to why President Truman awarded General Draza Mihailovich the Legion of Merit Medal posthumously. 

Otherwise, the story might have been lost to researchers forever!


Deserving Milan Karlo

YES.  Milan Karlo is deaf, totally deaf, with no hearing aid available for his kind of deafness.  And yet, Milan Karlo has been the eyes and ears of the Serbian people in America for over 60 years, devoting his life to recording their history and promoting their culture.

He has struggled against all odds to provide us with a visual history of American Serb life.  The pictures and stories he has captured are similar to a prized, heirloomed quilt, a pictoral patchwork sewn together by LOVE, PATIENCE, and HARD WORK.

Milan Karlo has autographed his signature on American Serb history.  Let us now recognize his unselfish contributions by proclaiming him the Ellis Island Medal of Honor Awardee for the Serbian people.

Respectfully submitted,

Milana K. Bizic



Well, Milan was passed over for pharmaceutical millionaire Milan Panic, but Milan Karlo will not be forgotten either.



Milan was the oldest of nine children (Milan, George, Milka, Milovan (Blackie) Anka, Ljeposava (Joyce), Sava (Sam), Draga.

George died at age two, leaving eight children to be raised by American Serb immigrants, Stana and Samojilo Karajlovich. 

Both of Milan’s parents were born in the Primishlje village of the Slunj area of Kordun, Yugoslavia.   

Samojilo was the son of a Federal policeman (akin to our American FBI).   

Samojilo settled in Pittsburgh’s South Side around 1906. A few years later, the steelworker sent for his “picture bride” Stana, of the same age, but who told him she was several years younger for fear of rejection.

Milan has three daughters.

The eldest, Milana, is an elementary teacher of the Gifted and Talented in Sewickley, Pennsylvania.   

His middle daugher, Rose, is a psychologist in Georgia , who served with the American Red Cross in Viet Nam in 1967 and then again in  1969 as Director of Operations there. 

The third daughter, Alexandra, is a graduate assistant at the University of Houston, completing an advanced graduate degree in Public Relations. 

(This was all in 1986.)  


Milan M. Karlo, Photographer

Lifelong Chronicler of and Advocate for Serbian-Americans

Click the bottom right hand corner to enlarge this article about Milan Karlo, entitled “His Eyes Are His Ears” by Leonard Thompson in the Pittsburgh Press, Nov. 15, 1958 extoling Milan’s many professional accomplishments in spite of being totally deaf from the age of 16.


NIKOLA MAMULA: AMERICAN SERB WORLD Jan/Feb. 1948 Christmas issue, photo by Milan M. Karlo,

January, 1948.

An early photo of Milan’s father-in-law, Nikola Mamula, taken for the Christmas (Jan.1948) issue of AMERICAN-SERB LIFE Magazine that Milan started.  Nikola was making beeswax candles that the family still uses today for special occasions.

(See the special page on this website dedicated to Andja Mamula Mamula’s folk costume and read about how Nikola & Andja met and married, 1900!)


“No One Could Write

Like Karlo Did!”

     Milan Karlo, the oldest of nine children, was self-educated.  Totally deaf by his late teens, nevertheless, he took English composition correspondence courses with the University of Chicago and a news course with the Newspaper Enterprise of New York City while “boo-jacking” newspapers during the Depression.  He never let his lack of hearing handicap his abilities.

     From 1938 to 1940, he was sports editor of the late Lou Christopher’s Yugoslav REFLECTOR magazine, then was the English Section editor of the American SRBOBRAN newspaper of the leading Serb National Federation fraternal with a circulation then of 14,500.  In 1944, he joined the copy desk of the San Francisco CHRONICLE, but quit his job in 1946 rather than print what he knew had to be lies about General Draza Mihailovich.

     In 1948, he started up his own monthly AMERICAN-SERB LIFE magazine which was well-received, but lacked finances.  He returned to the SRBOBRAN in the 1950s and stayed there until 1965.  In the meanwhile, he graduated from the prestigious Rochester Institute of Photography in New York and operated his own photo studio while also doing custom negative and print processing the the leading Pittsburgh Photo Lab Company.  Together with his wife, Laura Mamula Karlo, he also operated Karlo’s Confectionary, one of the leading book and magazine stores at 25th and Carson Streets on Pittsburgh’s South Side.

     In 1958, the Pittsburgh Press newspaper wrote a feature article on Milan appearing in the Sunday, Nov. 16th edition, written by Press Staff Writer Leonard Thompson, and entitled, “His Eyes Are His Ears.”


Some Photographs of History

This book has over a thousand photos taken by Milan Karlo.

It may be purchased for $25 + $5 shipping in USA.

Click here to order:


Aunt Josephine Mamula, Kuma Sonya Kalember, and Alexandra M. Karlo

The Mitrovich Family of Youngstown

Just one of hundreds of photos taken of Milan’s beloved SHADELAND, St. Sava’s Children’s Camp, in Shadeland, PA.  (Click on the bottom right hand corner of all photos to enlarge to see faces better.)

Milan Karlo was everywhere with his camera.  Here is Pete Puhar on Bass. 


St. Sava Serbian Orthodox Church at 21st and Sidney Streets, Pittsburgh’s South Side @ 1958


Milana Karlo Bizic wrote on the occasion of the building the Carnegie Science Center in Pittsburgh well before its dedication in 1991:

I was born in the alleyway of 26th and Carey Way to Milan and Laura (Mamula) Karlo. We subsequently lived a 1/2 block away when we owned Karlo’s Confectionery on South 27th Street, a perfect location, as it was only 1 block away from the Jones and Laughlin (J&L) Mill gate. We sold newspapers, magazines, cigarettes, toys, candy and had a soda fountain too. We always attended the St. Sava Serbian Orthodox Church on South 21st and Sidney Streets, where my maternal grandparents were members. At one time, both sets of my grandparents went to the St. George Serbian Orthodox Church on South 16th Street on Pittsburgh’s South Side, but there was an argument that ensued, and many of the parishioners left and formed St. Sava’s.

Thank God after several decades, the two Pittsburgh churches formed HOLY TRINITY CATHEDRAL, and although I have attended St. Elijah’s Serbian Orthodox Church in Aliquippa, PA from the time I was married in 1963, I’ll always feel I have one leg in Holy Trinity too, as Pittsburgh St. Sava, will always be a special part of me.

As for growing up, all of my life was spent on the South Side of Pittsburgh, close to family, friends and church, except for two years that we lived in California, when my father, Milan Karlo, worked for the San Francisco Chronicle. He quit his job when the newspaper started downplaying the deeds of General Draza Mihailovich and substituting Tito’s name instead. Even with a wife and two children to feed, he quit rather than print what he knew had to be lies. At my father’s graveside eulogy, I spoke and said that he never had riches, and yet he have/bequeathed to us the best of treasures. And that was, to never be afraid to stand up for what you believe in, regardless of the consequences. We are all very proud of that and remembered it throughout our lives. That philosophy has served us well so far.

Both parents worked extremely hard to further their children’s educations. It was hilarious that after spelling many much harder words, I stumbled on the word “handicapped” and had to sit down at the Pittsburgh Press Spelling Bee. I thought the judges said “handicap.” So I spelled it real cockily as “I knew it!” They were kind and gave me a second chance. “Handicapped,” they emphasized the ending. “Oh, just add an ‘ed!” Again they were kind, asking me to spell it again. And I missed doubling that consonant in my puffed-up buffoonery. But still, I was the last sixth grader down. Every time I look at that ballpoint pen I won (amongst Pittsburgh’s 6-8 graders), I think of my wonderful parents.

I had the best of parents, although both of them were severely handicapped, we three girls (Mim, Rose and Alexandra) never ever thought about it until much later in life. 

Our Dad, the oldest of nine children-one dying in childhood-was totally deaf from the age of seventeen, with no hearing aid available for his kind of deafness.  He was an expert lip reader, and graduated from the prestigious Rochester Institute of Photography in NY, although totally deaf. The Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph wrote a story about him with the headlines of “Milan Karlo: The Eyes and Ears of His People.” Dad worked most of his life as the English Section editor of the American SRBOBRAN, a Serbian newspaper located in Oakland, Pittsburgh, and did Photography on the side. Nary a bride got married that didn’t have my Dad as their expert photographer. 

Our mother Laura, the youngest of seven children (plus three who died in childhood), worked very hard in our “new” Karlo’s Confectionery Store on 25th and Carson Street when we came home from California. (While there, she operated a small grocery store with a gas station, and then later, worked for Kaiser, teaching the women who fled the Dust Bowl, how to do data processing). Our store on Carson was much larger than our first store, and again, we had the good fortune of being right across from the beginning of the J&L Mill. We sold newspapers, magazines, candy, cigarettes, had a huge ice cream counter, pin ball machines, and a dry cleaning business in the back. We all helped in the store. But our Mom was the mainstay. I remember her working all day in the store, then about ten minutes to four, she would leave our Aunt Josephine in charge of the store, and go to work at the Plastic Factory two blocks away. My father would come home from work about 5:00 and take over watching the store until we closed at 9:00. At midnight, our Mom would come home from the factory and mop the huge floor of our store, getting it ready to open for the next day. On Saturdays, our Mom, Rose and I would go and clean the offices of Stylette Plastics. Later, my Mom became their office secretary.

Both parents were firm in their belief as Serbian Orthodox Christians, as were their parents. Our grandparents always made sure we knew who we were and what we stood for, and how many were martyred for the faith from the Battle of Kosovo in 1389 on. I remember a T-shirt with the words, “Ja Sam Ko Sam, i Volim STO sam.” — I am who I am, and I LIKE who I am.”  We were always, ALWAYS proud to be Serbian Orthodox Christians.


Thanks to Pete and Branko Puhar for these photos from my Dad which indeed show how much he chronicaled all the events in Serbian history in the ’50s-’80s.

 Milan Karlo documented Serbian history more than any other American Serb alive today.

 Action or Posed Shots, all were so crisp and clear!

Sports tournaments, choral festivals, tamburtizan folklore groups, church dedications, picnics, all were subjects for Milan’s great eye! 


Milan is best known for his book EARLY DAYS: Serbian Settlers in America, as the editor for many years of the American SRBOBRAN in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania publsihed by the Serb National Federation, and the Diocesan Observer published in Libertyville and Gray’s Lake, Illionis.

Milan Karlo autographed his signature on American-Serb history!

The Ears and Eyes of His People

 It didn’t matter whether it was WWI or a local basketball tournament, if it involved Serbians or Serbian Americans, chances are Milan Karlo wrote about it.  Mr. Karlo, who was deaf, spent much of his time traveling across the U.S. and Canada photographing and writing about his people.  “I never met a man so determined, so devoted to a cause,” said Robert Rade Stone, Mr. Karlo’s friend and editor of the American SRBOBRAN.  “He would go to events, get quips from everybody and write,” Stone said.  “He was a rather tremendous writer.  He served this organization well, and he served our people across the country well.”

By Monica L. Haynes, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 12/11/1995.


Defender of Justice, Member of the Savez Youth Organization and speaker at the 1940 Convention, SNF Photographer, SNF Sports Edition, SNF Basketball Coach for Pittsburgh, and English Section Editor of the Amercan SRBOBRAN.  Author of EARLY DAYS: SERBIAN SETTLERS IN AMERICA and numerous magazine and newspaper articles and Serbian colony Spomenicas.

     In 1959, Milan was presented with an icon from Mt. Athos of St. Nicholas the Wonder Worker by the Icon Society of America, “in recognition and appreciation of the many lasting contributions to the Eastern Orthodox Church,” by Attorney Michael Czap.

     In 1962, Milan Karlo was singled out for his countless hours of voluntary service to Shadeland (Springboro, PA).  For the Shadeland souvenir booklet printed in 1962, Milan took over 1,000 photos, including prize portraits of the old men at the Home, the young campers and hard workers, the animals, the picnic grounds, etc.  “He is known to young and old, both at Shadeland and throughout our colonies for he is somehow always there, silently observing, documenting on film, and expressing an enthusiastic ‘Oh boy!’ when big plans are unfolded. Similarly, he is quick to register displeasure when a group indicates a reluctance to “Think big, do big,’ as he wonderfully puts it, “ the grateful publishers of the Spomenica wrote.

     In 1965 he founded the weeked OBSERVER newspaper of the original Serbian Orhtodox Diocese in Libertyville, Illinois and stayed there until his retirement at age 65 in 1978.  He and his 2nd wife, Helen Vukovich (married 4/6/69), moved to Tucson, Arizona, and finally to New Mimbres, New Mexico, where he passed away in 1995.

His book, EARLY DAYS: SERBIAN SETTLERS IN AMERICA, published along with his wife Helen in 1984, was the culmination of research that covered 4 years and more than 100,000 miles of travel.  He financed the book himself in the burning desire to leave something for future generations of the Serbian pioneer history never recorded, and to pay just due homage to the memory of his parents, Samojilo and Stana (Batalo) Karajlovich, of Pittsburgh.  The book is filled with over a thousand of his own photographs.


Thanks to Valerie Kovachevich Backo for sending me these photos my Dad took when the children were just youngsters:

At this time, Metropolitan Christopher was known as Fr. Velimir Kovachevich to his Pittsburgh, PA parishioners at St. Sava’s Church on 21st and Sidney Streets.


There was a nice article written about Milan M. Karlo in the American SRBOBRAN by Vaso Mihailovich, as Writer #64 in his famous SERBIAN AMERICAN writer series, published in the Wednesday, Oct. 15, 2003 edition.

Milan M. Karlo was one of the most enthusiastic writers among the American-born Serbs. Born on March 7, 1913, as the oldest of nine children in the family of Serb immigrants, he went through the typical experiences of a Serbian youth in the life of a colony and the church. He developed an early liking for sports and covered as a reporter many Serbian sport events. Although suffering from a severe hearing impairment, he managed to write for newspapers in New York and San Francisco, among others.

He also wrote for Serbian magazines and founded his own, American-Serb Life, in 1948, and the Observer twenty years later.

In the late 1930’s he became an editor of the English section of American Srbobran, which he did again in the 1950’s till 1965. Thus he truly became “the eyes and ears of his people.’

More importantly, he was an avid defender of Serbdom, as illustrated by his quitting the job at the San Francisco Chronicle in 1946 rather than print lies about General Draza Mihailovich.

After graduating from Rochester Institute of Photography in New York, he had his own studio in Pittsburgh, where he had also a book and magazine store, Karlo’s Confectionary.

Revered and rewarded for his multi-faceted contributions to Serbian affairs, he retired in 1978, although never completely stopping his work on Serbianna which he had pursued for almost sixty years, and for which he was nominated for the Ellis Island Medal of Honor Award.

He died in New Mexico on December 8, 1995. Karlo’s crowning achievement is the book, Early Days: Serbian Settlers in America (1984), which he wrote with his second wife, Helen Vukovich Karlo, and published in Tucson, Arizona.

Encompassing a research of four years and over 100,000 miles of travel, the book contributes to the history of the immigration of the Serbs. The book is also illustrated by over a thousand of Milan’s own photographs, thus offering not only the written account but also a pictorial presentation of the settlers.

With this book Milan and Helen paid homage to their parents and left for their siblings and all descendants of the Serbian settlers, something to remind them of their ancestors. Below are excerpts from this book.

“The first significant immigration of Serbians in America occurred in the 1830’s to the New Orleans area. The settlers were tradesmen, linguists and sailors drawn from Yugoslavia s Adriatic coast. Bokans, Dalmatians and Montenegrin Serbs, they were well educated and often bilingual, which made their success and absorption easy. Few were poor.

“Among the more notable, as mentioned by countless historians, was the attorney, George Fisher, who later became a plantation owner, then a respected jurist in San Francisco. Another was prominent in the Confederate Army.

“When gold was discovered in 1849, many of these New Orleans Serbs formed the vanguard for the California Gold Rush, including the parents of the subsequently illustrious missionary priest, Archimandrite Sebastian Dabovich. His parents had crossed the Isthmus of Panama on a donkey.

“Another New Orleans-based group fanned out to the industrial Mid-West: to the packing houses and farms in St. Louis, Kansas City and Chicago, where a large fraternal order later was to be organized and would serve as impetus for other migrations and the presentation of national customs, traditions and ideals. . . .

“Most of the Serbs not in the goldfields were small merchants, poolroom owners, fruit peddlers and suppliers. As the gold fever spread East to Nevada, and then North to Alaska and the Klondike, they followed the miners, whose ranks now also included many Austro-Hungarian subjects from the seized provinces of Herzegovina-Bosnia, and a few Lichani from other Dual Monarchy territories in what is now Northern Yugoslavia. Few of the miners struck it rich, but the tradesmen prospered. Their large families and tight clannishness helped them cope with the vicissitudes of the then wide- open West. Few were the attacks noted on them that were not promptly avenged as deterrents.


+St. Bishop Nikolai from the front cover of Milan Karlo’s American SERB LIFE magazine from 1948.  Thanks to Mary Ann and Nick Tomich for sending a copy of this photo that Bishop Nikolai had personally signed for Kay Ciganovich.  My father, Milan Karlo, had taken the photo and had given his good friend, Kay Ciganovich, a copy of it.  We’re glad the signed copy by Bishop Nikolai of Milan Karlo’s photograph is saved and now hangs in the hall of St. Nicholas’ gathering space in Monroeville, PA.

Early Days: Serbian Settlers in America

A Classic book!  Don’t pass up this opportunity to own this valuable piece of Serbian history while the few remaining copies are still available. 

Help yourself and help Orthodoxy!

$25.00 plus $5.00 shipping in the USA.
James B. of Illinois giving me $50 for 2 books he purchased at the SNF Convention in Windsor, Ontario in 2007.  A check for $1000 was given as my donation to help finish the church at Shadeland.
All the money earned at the SNF Convention as the official secretary ($400) went to help establish a perpetual SNF Scholarship Fund!
Call 412-269-8999
to order this wonderful bit of history! 
All proceeds from the sale of the book in 2011 will go towards the Kosovo Relief Fund. 

The book EARLY DAYS, Serbian Settlers in America: Their Life and Times was written by my late father, Milan M. Karlo and his 2nd wife, Helen V. Karlo, who also recently passed away 2/27/10.  Vjecnaja Pamjat. Memory Eternal.


This very precious piece of history documenting the FIRST Serbian Immigrants in the United States and Canada represents a tremendous amount of research work.  The couple traveled over 100,000 miles over a period of four years to collect the wonderful stories found in this incredible book. 

The book contains over a thousand of photos Milan took himself, then processed all by hand repeatedly until he had just the right sharpness. How much easier his work would have been now with the advent of the digital cameras and the ability to layout and print your work.

This book was published in 1984, but is considered a true classic portraying the western area Serbian immigrants and their successes.

Milan was the oldest of nine children, self-educated with correspondence courses from the University of Chicago and New York City due to his lack of hearing.

From 1938 to 1940, he was sports editor of the late Lou Christopher’s  Yugoslav REFLECTOR magazine, then the English Section editor of the prestigious SRBOBRAN newspaper of the leading Serb National Fedeartion fraternal with a peak circulation of 14, 500.  In 1944 he joined the copy desk of the San Francisco CHRONICLE daily, returning to the SRBOBRAN in 1946. 

In 1948 he started up his own monthly American SERB LIFE magazine which was well-received, but lacked finances.  He returned to the SRBORAN in the 1950’s and stayed there until 1965.  In the meantime, he had also graduated from the prestigious Rochester Institute of Photography in New York and operated his own studio while also doing custom negative and print processing for the leading Pittsburgh Photo Lab Co.

In 1965 he founded the weekly OBSERVER newspaper of the original Serbian Orthodox Diocese in Libertyville, IL and stayed there until retirement at age 65.  He and his wife Helen spent any spare time researching, traveling and gathering the materials found here in this book.

Helen Vukovich Karlo was educated at Temple University School for Nursing and served in the South Pacific with the Army in WWII with the rank of 1st Lieutenant.  Thereafter, she workerd for Veterans Hospitals in Chicago, Pittsburgh and Tucson for 32 years as head nurse.  She was Director of Nurse Education of the Condell Hospital in Libertyville for 10 years prior to retirement.

Helen was the “Ears” for her husband in their continuing quests.  They shared a burning desire to leave something for future generations of a Serbian pioneer history never recorded, and pay just due homage to the memory of their parents, Samojilo and Stana Karaljovich of Pittsburgh’s South Side, and Dragic and Helen Vukovich of Johnstown, PA.




  • Help Your OWN! Help the SNF!

  • Help the Serbian Unity Congress

  • Help Serb National Defense


Help your own Churches, Halls, Serbian Clubs!

B There are many Serbian organizations that need your help.  Because of your job and other obligations, perhaps you’re too busy to get involved yourself, but 

If you can’t help in other ways,
Send money! 
Please help any way you can. Large or small donations are welcomed. 
If you would like to purchase the book EARLY DAYS, SERBIAN SETTLERS IN AMERICA for ($25.00 plus $5.00 postage), just send your request and information through our CONTACT page found near the bottom of the web site selections. 

Both Milan & Helen Karlo, and all of Milan’s progeny, loved their experiences at Shadeland. We deem this a most fitting way to utilize the love and effort put into this wonderful book documenting the lives of our earliest pioneers in America.

+Steve Gacesa donated his time and talents as a bricklayer contractor to construct the church.  Other contractors came from Canada to finish the roof when it was built, but that was YEARS go. 
It has been beautifully finished to everyone’s delight.
Everyone loves Shadeland!
Another way you can help out monetarily is by purchasing an Insurance Policy from the SNF, and making the beneficiary your local church, any one of our Dioceses, or even the SNF!
Another very worthy organizaiton is the IOCC, or International Orthodox Christian Charities.
You can read more about the great humanitarian work they do by clicking on the link above. 

 Lifeline in Chicago is another area in which you can help donate for the orphans in Serbia!

SNF Karlo-Bizic Scholarship: In Remembrance

From part of Milan Karlo’s speech when he was the Speaker at the FIRST SNF Youth Conference, 1941.

Karlo-Bizic Scholarship

   Fund Established: March 29, 2009   

Wedding of Gus and Milana (Mim) Karlo Bizic,       St. Elijah Serbian Orthodox Church, Aliquippa, PA     V. Rev. Vlastimir Tomich, officiating, 6/9/63


Scholarship Endowment

The +Gustav and Milana Karlo Bizic SNF Scholarship was funded by the late +Gustav and Milana Karlo Bizic to honor their parents, +Dorothy Klaich Bizic and +Peter Bizic, and +Laura Mamula Karlo and +Milan M. Karlo.  

A sizable monetary contribution was placed in a special account at the Serb National Federation where it has been invested and will grow in perpetuity. Annually, a portion of the income is used for financial aid, while the remaining funds are allowed to grow.

The +Gustav and Milana Karlo Bizic Scholarship will assist a qualified applicant in obtaining a degree from an accredited academic institution of higher learning. 

Amount and Eligibility

  • The amount of this scholarship will be for $1,000, but in years to come and with successful investments, this amount is subject to increase.
  • Given to a student of Serbian heritage who is already successfully attending an accredited degree-granting college or university and pursuing a Bachelor, Master’s or Doctoral degree.
  • Based on character and personal merit and commitment. Merit has been demonstrated through leadership in school, church, civic and extracurricular activities, academic achievement, and motivation to serve and achieve.
  • Should 2 or more candidates prove to be equally worthy, the student attending the University of Pittsburgh shall be chosen above the rest.  This is in keeping with the opportunities provided the Bizic family from Pitt scholarships in the past.  


The SNF Scholarship Committee is in charge of this award and their guidelines will be followed on GPA, transcripts, letters of recommendation, etc. 

Please know that I do NOT see any of these applications. 

I learn of the Awardees usually through announcements in the SRBOBRAN, too!

Applicants must meet the following criteria:

  1. Be a member of the Serb National Federation and joined prior to January 1, 2009.
  2. Be a citizen of the United States
  3. Have successfully completed two (2) semesters of their undergraduate program from an accredited degree-granting college or univeristy.
  4. Present a letter of interest to the SNF Scholarship Committee demonstrating the applicant’s qualifications, including certified transcripts from all undergraduate or graduate schools attended.
  5. Present a Resume
  6. Provide TWO (2) letters of recommendation, at least one from a person qualified to outline the applicant’s interest and commitment to the Serbian community.

For the 2013 Award, letters of application and transcripts must be submitted no later than May 31, 2013 to the Serb National Federation.

Serb National Federation

Attention:  Karlo-Bizic Scholarship

938 Penn Avenue, 4th Floor

Pittsburgh, PA  15222


The Karlos:  Nick, Sammy, Milan, Blackie, Anne, Mildred, Lepa (Sophie/Joyce)  Missing is Aunt Draga who had already passed away, and George Karajlovich (Karlovich/Karlo) died at age 2.

This was at the Karlo Reunion on the Brnilovich Farm, during the SNF 3-Day Weekend, 1989, in celebration of the 600th Anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo. 

A 200 page Karajlovich Family 1989 book was published in honor of the occasion.


Laura Karlo 1918-2006

Click on the lower left hand corners of the pages below to enlarge and read the story of one of the world’s greatest mothers!

Look at the joy seen here with Baba Laura Karlo at the wedding SKUP of her grandson, Ncik Bizic, to Dana Hickey Bizic, October 5, 2002.

The Karlo-Bizic Scholarship has been given with an eye to the future in the hopes of aiding deserving students of Serbian descent who will someday give back to their Serbian Community in Time, Talents or Treasures.

Mim/Gus, August 1979

To date, seven yeaers have passed, with SIX fine students (one repeated)  have been recipients of the fund that hopefully will be continued in perpetuity.



Amy Yurko,
Monroeville, PA

Amy is well-known for all the beautiful icons she has painted fand donated to her Kumovi and her St. Nicholas Church in Monroeville, PA



Nicholas Vranasevich, McKeesport, PA


Nick is shown here as Kum for Alex Brnijolovich’s wedding Sept. 20, 2014. He is currently teaching elementary music/strings at Plum High School in Pittsburgh!  Nick ALWAYS gives back to his community in so many ways!



Natalia Savatic,
Lodge 74 Waukegan, IL.

Baking & Pastry Arts, Food Service Management

Johnson & Wales Univ.



            Sam Korach,   
           Lodge 52, Lackawanna, NY   Student Research Fellow at Center of Business Excellence Miami Univeristy ’15.

Sam was awarded the Provost Award in 2014!

Sam was one of eight students to win the prestigious Provosst Award!



Luka Celic,

Lodge 345, Tecumseh, Ontario, Canada

Mechanical Engineering,  University of Windsor



Blaise Michael Borovich, Lodge 170, Hebron, Indiana

and again in 


Blaise Michael Borovich

It is with great pride that we learned that young Mr. Borovich has been named for a second year as the recipient of the Karlo-Bizic Scholarship.

From what we understand, Blaise is very deserving of this honor for embellishing all the traits sought in the scholarship, giving back already to the Serbian Community with his Time, Treasures and Talents.



This year’s SNF winner for the Karlo-Bizic scholarship was Milena Raketich, who is a Research Assistant at the Conversation Lab at Vanderbilt Univeristy, in Valparaiso, Indiana, studying Human and Organizational Development and Political Science..



Hooray for Milica Djokic, this year’s Karlo-Bizic Scholarship winner!  Milica is studying Public Health and Pre-Med at Tulane Unviersity.  She is the daughter of Drs. Miroslav and Divna Djokic.





Mim and Gus Bizic, 1969


Milan & Laura Karlo in Front at Highland Park, 1938, with cousins Nellie & Frank Cwiklik


Laura cheering on her favorite team, the STEELERS!



Obituary from the Sewickley HERALD

Gus Bizic, 65, teacher, craftsman, after long illness.

     Gustav “Gus” Bizic, 65, passed away peracefully after suffering from multiple illnesses, in Sewickley Valley Hospital.

     Born in Ambridge, PA, he was the son of Dorothy (Klaich) Bizic and the late Peter Bizic, Sr.

     He was a retired OVT (occupational/vocational/technical) teacher for the Pittsburgh Public School District, teaching at Conroy Junior High School and Greenway Middle School.

     Previously, he taught metal and wood shop for Center Area High School and welding in the evenings to adult classes.  He was a superb craftsman, learning the art of woodworking from his father and his Uncle Joseph Bizic, of Bizic Brothers Cabinet Shop in Ambridge.

     Mr. Bizic served in the military, retiring after 23 years of service in the Air National Guard, and as Chief Petty Officer (CPO) of the U.S. Navy Reserve.

He was a member of the St. Elijah Serbian Orthodox Church in Aliquippa, Masonic Lodge 701 of Ambridge, the Valley of Pittsburgh Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, the American Serbian Eastern Rite Brothers (ASERBS), the Sewickley Senior Men’s Club, American Federation of Teachers, Pittsburgh Federation of Teachers and Retired Pittsburgh Federation of Teachers, and the Sewickley Sunshine Stroke Club.

     Gus Bizic was also a former member of the Leet Township Planning Commission, was Vice President of the Little Sewickley Creek Watershed Association, served on the Quaker Valley Council of Governments, and was a member of the Sewickley Valley Historical Society, as well as a member of the SewickleyNET Board of Directors.

     Surviving in addition to his mother, are his beloved wife, Milana “Mim” (Karlo) Bizic; a devoted son, Nicholas Bizic of Ben Avon; a sister, Anne B. McClure; a brother, Peter Bizic Jr.; sisters-in-law Danica Bizc, Dr. Rose K. Gantner and Alexandra K. Nolan; three nephews, Peter Bizic III, Mark Gustav Bizic and David McClure; and three nieces, Mary McClure, Elaine McClure Arazawa and Angela B. Nolan.

     A service was conducted at the St. Elijah Serbian Church in Aliquippa with the V.Rev. Fr. Stevan Stepanov officiating.

     In lieu of flowers, memorial donations may be made to the Serbian Relief Fund, c/o 1617 Davidson St., Aliquippa, PA 15001.

     Arrangements were handled by the Wayne N. Tatalovich Funeral Home of Aliquippa.


It should be noted that in addition to flowers, many donations to St. Elijah Seribian Orthodox Church and St. Elijah Choir were VERY generously given; however, more than $4,500 was sent to the orphans in Banja Luka in +Gus Bizic’s name.  We thank our dear friends, neighbors, everyone who gave so willingly to help the less fortunate.  It was sincerely appreciated by our family.

In regards to the Orphans:

“The test of our Progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much; it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little.”


Here is a great photo of Peter Bizic, Sr., and the hard-carved table he and brother Joe Bizic made in 1936.

SNF Centennial Photo Exhibit

A Moment in Time:
The SNF Historic Photo Exhibit
by Milana Karlo Bizic

Visit any of the on-line photography museums and they’ll say something like this:  “Photography is an art without boundaries.”  Or, “Good photographs can help create the scene in one’s mind vividly, and draw the onlooker into the moment as a participant.”  

We know that one of the world’s finest and most diverse collection of rare historic photographs of American Serbs was on display at the Westin William Penn Hotel, helping to highlight the Serb National Federation’s “Century of Serbdom” Spectacular, dramatically casting us back into happy decades past.

Saturday, July 21, 2001, was an exciting day, dedicated to educating, informing and sharing our unique heritage through the SNF Historic Photo Exhibit and events following.

The popular images gave us a beautiful glimpse into a century of history.  The photo montage documented changes that took place from our pioneers’ earliest days in America,  through tough times in the steel mills and coal mines, until very recent history, showing our Serbian Americans leading the country as generals, professors, authors & playwrights, movie stars, chief operating officers of large corporations, and very dedicated, philanthropic businessmen and women.
    The Photo Exhibit was an ephemeral walk through 100 years of documented SNF history, our link to the past, poignantly capturing the religious, social, economic, political and military life of American Serbs. 

Together with the SNF Centennial Choir singing “Guslareva Smrt” under the direction of conductor, Dr. Milutin Lazich, and Brandon Karlo playing classical selections on the piano, the stroll down Memory Lane was an extraordinary introduction to an enjoyable and exciting evening.

    Brandon Karlo was truly grateful to the SNF for being included in what he called “an incredible experience and exquisite occasion.”  He wrote:  “I enjoyed playing the grand piano for the people and of course for my family also.  It meant a lot to me knowing I was representing the Brnilovich and Karlo (Karajlevich) families in a way that no one has done before.”  He was right.  How could his early pioneer great-grandfather Krajina farmers turned Pittsburgh steel workers ever imagine their progeny bedecked in a black tuxedo playing a baby grand piano ala Liberace, for such an occasion!”
And kudos go to——

    Many people worked hard to make it happen.  I’d personally like to thank Bea Radjenovich and her sisters Roberta Gates and Rose Pugliese for making all of the red, blue and white bows that decorated each major photograph display and for creating an added warmth to the exhibit with candles in blue beribboned fluted glass containers.  Bea was also one of the SNF photographers for the day, capturing each of the photo displays for future SNF history.  (Bea was also the photographer at the St. George and St. Sava cemeteries for the SNF “Bell” book written by Dr. Alexander Petrov.)  

Dr. Natalie Pavlovich of Pittsburgh was there early in the morning to help set up the exhibit, along with the Radjenovichs from Monroeville, the Brinilovich-Osman family from Aliquippa, and my own sister, Dr. Rose Karlo Gantner, from Little Rock, Arkansas.  Rose worked wonders while in Pittsburgh, running errands several times to buy more foam boards, velcro, and spray adhesive as I kept cutting and pasting the exhibit together until almost midnight each night before the big show.  

Georgette Brnilovich Osman, and her mother, “Billie” Brnilovich, used their terrific talents to create an incredibly framed signature piece for the exhibit, consisting of four “windows” full of historic photos I created with my computer, which they artistically surrounded with red Kosovo poppies painted in tole.  What a talented mother-daughter team!  That evening, Georgette’s two children, Alex and Jessica, were dressed in their “narodna nosinje” clothes and helped pass out exhibit flyers.

Kudos also go to and cousin Paul Mamula Belosh of Erie, PA and son, Nick Bizic and his now fiancee, Dana Hickey (as of November 1st!), for dismantling the display near 2:00 AM, that same “evening.”  Enough “thank-you’s” can’t go out to the SNF Home Office staff, consisting of Zora, Sylvia, Georgette, and Anne who helped Natalie, Bea and me get the large boards back to their SNF home several days later.

Publicity for the Exhibit Was Tremendous!

The SNF’s Centennial Historic Photo Exhibit received much publicity, due in large part to behind-the-scenes work by Val Pastore, from the Chicago area.  The public relations specialist, in concert with Roy Cheran, donated hours on end to the SNF Centennial effort by making contact with the leading newspapers and TV stations in the Pittsburgh area, making sure the events of the day and the Patriarch’s visit were covered.  She kept coordinating all efforts, and followed up with phone calls to all reporters.  She was a true professional who knew how to make things happen.  We can’t praise her enough.

Thank you, Erv Dyer!

One of the first efforts to pay off was an article written by Ervin Dyer, Post-Gazette staff writer on Tuesday, July 17, 2001, with the headlines of “4,000 Serbs Celebrate a Century in the U.S.”  Dyer gave recognition to the 30,000 culturally active Serbs in the Greater Pittsburgh region.  He noted that its members, like other European groups in the region, worked in the steel mills and coal mines.  Once one family got settled, it arranged for other family members to come from the “Old Country.”

In that same article, Dyer noted that the Serb National Federation is the largest secular Serbian organization outside of Yugoslavia. 

Highlights of the week-long celebration were included:  The golf tournament at Quicksilver Golf Club in Washington County;  the Friday outing at Kennywood Amusement Park, visits by his Holiness Patriarch Pavle, the Serbian spiritual leader on this continent and throughout the world, a visit by Ambassador Protic, and several other events, culminating in the “Century of Serbdom Spectacular.”

One of its main goals was to provide life insurance to members of the Serbian community, which was critical to giving them security.  From its inception, Dyer noted, the SNF worked to help these immigrants adjust to life and to provide support for the Serbian churches and their functions.  The SNF also worked to foster pro-American sentiments also, as evidenced by the two American bombers the group raised for the Army Air Forces during WWII.  (See photo of SNF bomber.)  The staff writer also noted the publication of the Srbobran (“Serb Defender”) as starting in 1901.

The Serbs and Gordon Parks

    I called Dyer to thank him for the nice article, and in so doing, excited him about the exhibit, telling him that many of my father’s photographs of the Serbs were just like Gordon Parks’ and Teenie Harris’ works were for the African American communities. He was surprised that I knew those names, and that indeed, I had help host the nationally known LIFE photographer when he was in Sewickley for Black History Month several years ago.   A visit was arranged for the next day.

Chronicler Pulls Together Photos of Serbian Life & Times in U.S.

Dyer’s second article (Friday, July 20, 2001), highlighted the work I was doing in preparation for the SNF’s Centennial Photo Exhibit.  Although much of the work was done by our local Photo Depot photo finishing team, and also by Kinko’s, I was afraid they would never have enough man-power to accomplish the job under our Photography budget, so I did most of the work myself, printing out copies of our historic SNF files from my own computer, pasting and cutting them out on foam board, and mounting them for the exhibit.

 I also had help from John Kasich duplicating photos from Farrell-Hermitage history and sending them to me, and from Bill Dorich in California, who overnighted several CD’s full of photos to use.  Ned Bosnick of Houston, Texas gave us permission to use his wonderful “Serbian Faces” photos that appeared in the Srbobran over the years.  I also used some of my father’s original photos I had at home, and several photos from Nick Lalich’s “Operation Halyard,” most of which had never been seen since they first appeared in my father’s magazine, American Serb-Life in 1948.

Dyer did a beautiful job in capturing the scene at home:  “For now, Milana Bizic’s home in Moon Township is almost as full as her heart.  In her kitchen, in her dining room and sprawled across most of the floor in her den is the saga of her people–the history of Serbians in America.  Their lives and culture unfold among the stacks of black-and-white photographs and sepia-colored news clippings that Bizic has been compiling.”

Dyer called me “the unofficial chronicler of Serbian-American life.”   I told him that no one could pay me enough money to do what I was doing, but I was on a “love-it high,” as I’d start at 5:30 in the morning and work past midnight, just stopping to eat a bite or two at mealtimes.  Dyer included that in his news article, and then added:  “Friends say a chat with Bizic is like a course in Serbian history.  After she’s done, they joke, you know enough to get a certificate!”

He got that quote from Florida friend, Mike Minich, who stopped in to say hello.  Rose had also arrived in the middle of our interview, independently getting herself to our home from the airport because of the news coverage.  I apologized, but Rose said she felt like she was greeted by hundreds of friends when she saw the George Topich-inspired banner greeting arrivees at the airport with a “Dobro Nam Dosli” sign celebrating the Serb National Federation’s 100th Anniversary!

“Putting Serbian-American stories on the record comes naturally for Bizic.  Her father, Milan Karlo, was an editor and photographer for the Srbobran, the 100-year-old newspaper of the Serb National Federation.  But she was also deeply influenced by the work of Gordon Parks and Pittsburgh’s Charles “Teenie” Harris, both black American photographers who images documented the spirit of everyday folks in their communities.”

Arkansas Rose and Florida Mike weren’t the only “interruptions” to the interview, as the Post-Gazette’s photographer Andy Sterns was there, and then the postman and a Federal Express man also arrived with packages from Kasich and Dorich.  “Bizic has gotten lots of help for the exhibit.  Photographs from friends and colleagues have poured in from Serbian lodges stretching from Chicago to Los Angeles.”

“The photographs open a window on the past and provide a glimpse of life for Serbian-Americans, who trace their history in Pittsburgh and America to the late 1880’s.  That’s when a wave of “European immigrants flowed into the Pittsburgh region.  The area is still home to more than 30,000 Serbian-Americans, one of the largest concentrations in the nation.  Many escaped the grinding poverty of their homeland to seek the promise of America, where the Industrial Age had created thousands of jobs in the steel mills and coal mines.  Bizic’s photo exhibit documents this proud society and its offspring.”

He tried.  He truly, sincerely tried to help the Serbs in his article.

A Nicky Klipa Salute!

But it’s what Dyer wrote next that set the Serbian community happily ablaze with phone calls.  Typical is what Nick Klipa described at Kennywood Park the same evening Dyer’s article appeared:  “It (the article) was going too well.  There weren’t any ‘zingers’ against the Serbs as there always is.  I kept on reading.  When he mentioned Nikola Tesla, I thought I was going to have a heart attack from happiness.  But then, when he talked about Draza Mihailovich, I jumped up out of my chair, knocking it over and scaring my wife.  I jumped up and saluted the man!  What a writer!”

Nick went on to say that he hurriedly called his Mother and Father, Georgene and Steve Klipa, but they were already on the phone calling everybody else in their Monroeville church community.

Friends I hadn’t seen for years from Detroit to St. Louis, from California to Minnesota to Florida, stopped me in those four hours I was away from the work to tell me how grateful they were for some good publicity for a change.  Finally, after such a hard time in the last eleven years!  All the Pittsburgh papers in the hotel and local newstands were long gone.

Icons of Serbia

Dyer continued:  “There are photographs of the famous:  poised and impressive actor Karl Malden; lanky basketball star and Aliquippa native, “Pistol Pete” Maravich; a news clipping of a beaming Ohio Sen. George Voinovich; and a formal print of Robert Stone, the first Serbian-American to serve on Pittsburgh’s City Council.

“Icons of Serbia will be on display, too.  They include Nikola Tesla, the grandfather of robotics, who discovered the rotating magnetic field, and Draza Mihailovich, one of the first resistance leaders to stand against Adolf Hitler.  Mihailovich is on the cover of a faded TIME magazine dated May 25, 1942.

Louis Cukela, SERBIAN!

I made sure that Dyer mentioned Cukela, as others try to claim him as one of theirs, just like Nikola Tesla.  “There’s also the handsome, dignified Louis Cukela, who received two Medals of honor for valor in World War I.”

“But most of the photos are of ordinary people—the brides, basketball players, soldiers and mill workers–who stayed connected by a network of Serbian-American lodges, picnics, Sunday schools and shared heritage.

“It’s a quilt of tradition and achievement.”

Dyer then wrote about the yellowed and crinkled insurance certificates that were part of the exhibit, stating that providing insurance to lodge members was an important aspect of life for Serbian Americans.  “The policies signified security and hope.  Some were penned in Cyrillic, an original Slavic alphabet.”  

One of those policies on display was from Lodge No. 142 located in Oakland, California and signed by Gospava Tusup in Cyrillic in 1929.   There’s a photo in the SNF’s First 100 Years book on page 37 that shows a boarding house with 45 men and a few children in 1900 that was started in 1890 by Lazar Tusup and his Irish wife known as “stara Tusupova,” a woman who weighed over 250 pounds.  These Serbs came to Angels Camp to work in the gold mines, and these were the “best” of accommodations.  Was it the same woman or a relative?  The detective work makes delving into these photographs and certificates so much fun.  

Another of those policies was signed by Djuro Desich for his wife, Milka.  This one we know for sure.  Milka Desich was one of the survivors from the Titanic when it sunk in 1912!  (She is still not listed on any official Titanic lists and this infuriates me as it seems book authors do not wish to have any more survivors known.)  This beautiful double-headed crowned eagle certificate reads “Srpsko Pravoslavni Savez Srbobran u Sjedinjenim Drzavama Amerike” and is dated 1917.  At the bottom are two crossed flags, one Serbian and one American.  Each of the certificates was different, all leading to the present Serb National Federation of today, and all an exciting part of our history!

Dyer continues:  “In the exhibit, there are smiling faces on long-legged women selling war bonds and copies of a ledger from a Spokane, Washington lodge that lists $604.00 raised to purchase typewriters for blind veterans of World War II.”

The long-legged women he wrote about were Vida Yorkich (Milanovich), Anna Pekich and Martha Stone (Stanish), holding a framed photo of a young General Draza Mihailovich in front of the Serbian Booth in Downtown Pittsburgh, where they were selling War Bonds on September 12, 1942.  It is interesting to note that we have two of the same ladies, Vida and Martha, and then Violet Pekich Todorovich (Anna’s sister) standing in their same relative positions, holding the same photo of Draza, on July 21, 2001.  What a great photo opportunity that was!  Getting the three women to be in the same place when there were 3,000 Serbs present was quite a task, but it’s all recorded AGAIN for history!

And about that lodge in Spokane, Washington raising money for blind Serbian soldiers?  Can you believe that only a few weeks before I located that photo of the generous Serbs in Spokane that I had purchased a postcard from Serbia of four blind soldiers sitting at their typewriters with a Serbian instructor in the background?  What serendipity!  At the same time, I purchased a postcard of 8 young Serbian boys, some of them blind, learning to play Tamburitzan instruments.  I bought those cards then only because of the interesting subject matter!  Fate just meant for them to come here.  Someday I’ll do an article just on my collection of Serbian postcards, but let me continue.

Hard-working Serbs

Dyer finished by saying “In Pittsburgh, they formed a close-knit community characterized by its strong work ethic.  They had large families headed by men who worked 14-and 16-hour days in the mills.”

“The tale of Bizic’s mother, Laura Karlo, offers a snapshot of what life was like in the South Side flats.  Karlo cared for her children and ran a corner store during the day.  In the evenings, she worked at a plastic factory until midnight.  On the weekends, she took her three daughters to help her clean the offices of the plastic factory’s executive offices.”

“The photographs reveal again for Bizic a time when all the world she knew was Serbian.”  

It was a beautiful tribute to the Serbs and it was surprising to note how far reaching its distribution was.  For example, I received a post card from Puerto Rico from a family vacationing there who had read the article while enroute on an airplane from Pittsburgh!

Val Pastore Scores Again!

Another one of Val Pastore’s contacts was Charlotte Latvala from the Allegheny and Beaver County TIMES, whose work appeared the same day as Dyer’s.  This article had a photograph featuring those “3 long-legged women” that Dyer talked about, with the cutline reading “Serbian-American family life in the World War II era beams though in the Centennial Photo Exhibit.”

Latvala wrote:  “There are photographs of inventor Nikola Tesla, photographs of Aliquippa basketball legend Pete Maravich, photographs of actor Karl Malden–and photographs of 1930’s lodge members in tamburitzan costumes.”

“Mimi Bizic of Moon Township has sifted through 100 years of Serbian-American history to compile a photo exhibit that highlights the famous and not-so-famous.”

“There are people at elegant banquets in New York City, funerals, weddings, children in old-fashioned clothing, and lots of pictures from World War II.”

Banquets and Funerals

There were banquet photos from the Hotel Schenley (9/29/22), which is now the Student Union of the University of Pittsburgh, the Ft. Pitt Hotel (9/8-13/47), and the Webster Hall Hotel where the 1st Youth Convention was held (7/31/40) where my father was elected to be the Youth’s Delegate to the SNF’s 40th Anniversary Celebration.  However, the most elegant and lavish banquet was the one hosted by Mihailo Pupin in New York City for the all tuxedo-clad Yugoslavian delegates to the FIDAC Congress on September 15, 1930.   It was so impressive with the lavish flowers and attentive waiters that his photo was enlarged to 24″ x 36″ so we could all feel a part of it!

There was the funeral of Kojo Bizic, where he was laid out inside his home on 610 Pine Street in Ambridge, PA.  The 1/2 glass-topped, see-through coffin lid was resting upright, off to the side in the corner, and the deceased was holding his SNF lodge cap from the Vidov Dan Lodge #188.  The second photo showed the coffin stopped on the mud-covered rutted street in front of the house before being placed in the waiting hearse, and all of the Vidov Dan Lodge members respectfully wearing the back-side black SNF lodge pins with the gold fringe on the bottom.  Kojo was my husband’s grandfather, who ran a boarding house.  I still have a few of the thin copper token “coins” he made, imprinted with his initials “KB” which he used for rationing out beer, and a small 5 cent notebook with the names of some of the boarders.   

Other Serbian funerals were much more lavish out in Colorado, with horse-drawn hearses, a top-hatted driver, and a large tamburitzan orchestra, with the deceased in the middle of the long photo, surrounded by the Serbian Colma, Colorado community.  Only a few of the mourners had the black lodge badges.  Most of them had full black sashes, belts, gold-trimmed hats and sabers!  In all of the funeral photos, the American and the Serbian flags were always seen.

Latvala continued her article by talking more about the Serb National Federation and the high concentration of Serbs in the Pittsburgh area.  She mentioned the visit from His Holiness Patriarch Pavle, the SNF Museum tour hosted by Evie Adams and her Midland crew, the block party on Pittsburgh’s South Side at 25th and Sarah Streets, and Saturday’s multi-media show, “Century of Serbdom,” featuring documentary video, vocal performances, ethnic dancing and tributes to Serb pioneers and contemporary heroes.  Latvala, too, did a great job in promoting the Serbs.

There were two articles about the Patriarch’s visit.  The one written by Ann Rodgers-Melnick, Post-Gazette staff writer, was entitled:  “Church leaders brings message of hope.”

The other was written by Carol Waterloo Frazier, McKeesport Daily News Religion Editor, on July 23, 2001.  It was called:  “Patriarch Pavle Helps SNF Celebrate 100th Anniversary.
There was also an AP photo that appeared in the Allegheny/Beaver County Times on July 23, 2001 and it’s title was “Serb history, illustrated.”  It talked about the SNF being an organization of Serbian traditions and history.  All of these contacts were made by Val Pastore!  


“Serbs Know How To Throw A Party”

Bob Bauder had a great article in the Beaver County Times, the opening paragraph a crowd pleaser:  “One thing is certain:  The Serbs know how to throw a party, and the one at Pittsburgh’s Westin Convention Center on Saturday will go down in the record books.”

Perhaps Bauder was a little prejudiced, as his wife and children have some Serbian blood.  He mentioned the 4,000 Serbs from all over the U.S. gathered in Pittsburgh for the celebration, with official guests including His Holiness, Patriarch Pavle.  Then Bauder talked about the photographs: “black-and-white images of funerals and weddings, celebrations and athletic events, and men with long mustaches attending meetings at the SNF.”

There was one photograph I didn’t use for the exhibit because it was so dark, not dated, and had the familiar “all-suited, long-mustached-guys-at-just-another-Convention” look.   Several days AFTER the Exhibit, I was getting the pictures not used ready to take back to the Savez in my loaded-down car.  While waiting atop of my washing machine to be packed in the car, suddenly, the sun shone down on this very same photo.  The beam landed in the middle of the elongated, old, mahogany-framed shot as I was passing.  I couldn’t believe it!  There in the middle of 54 gentlemen, were two ladies, and one of them was my grandmother, Andja Mamula!   What a historical photo!  Sitting in front of them was a very young Glisho Rapaich of Gary, Indiana and Constatine Fotich.  The third man seated in the front from the right was my grandfather, Nicholas Mamula!  Oh, if only they were all identified then!   A man who looks just like a young Milan Vukas is behind the other woman.  Perhaps it’s Milan’s grandfather.  Those genes just have a way of showing through. What a lucky find!

Bauder continued:  “We know Serbs have been here long before 1901,” Bizic said, referring to the year the SNF was founded.  They were here for the Civil War in Louisiana and Texas.  They participated in the California Gold Rush of 1849.”

“Bizic said she has always been involved with photography.  Her father, Milan Karlo, was the photographer and editor of the SNF’s Srbobran newspaper for decades, and he created many of the images.”  

(He was right.  Like Teenie Harris did for the Black community, my Dad’s photos show the comraderie, friendship and spirit of the Serbian community in the United States.  He portrayed what he knew, capturing a beautiful and vibrant social life in which his people were proud and driven and celebrated in life.  He was their advocate, their beacon.  He crusaded for his people, and left behind a great legacy and reservoir of history.)

Bauder continued:  “The fraternal organization was formed to help immigrating Serbs in their new country, and it helped solidify ties with their heritage.  The SNF also offered all-important life insurance policies to members who otherwise could not have afforded them.”

“Bizic tells a story about a Serb named Milkovich, who was killed when he fell into molten steel at Pittsburgh’s J&L Steel plant sometime after the turn of the century.  Rade Mamula was also killed in the mill, hit by a steel beam. He left a wife and four young children, who would have been hard put to survive without the help from the SNF.”

“It was the Serbian community that pulled together and helped with the children,” she said.

“Beaver County had plenty of SNF lodges in the old days, including three in Aliquippa alone.  Members were proud of the organization.  They wore their lodge caps and insignia even to the grave.”

“The funeral of Kojo Bizic of Ambridge documented in the photo exhibit shows Bizic resting in the coffin with his lodge cap near his side.  Prominent in the picture is Marko Roknick, the longtime president of Ambridge SNF Lodge #188, also known as the “Vidov Dan.”  

“Lodge officials always helped out in times of duress, Milana Bizic said.”

No One Like Peter Zebich!

Now this next relatively innocent statement about Peter Zebich threw the whole Beaver County into a dizzy uproar, as the community shared recollections over the next few weeks.  

Bauder wrote:

“One of the most interesting parts of the exhibit was a poster advertising an event featuring Professor Peter Zebich, who was billed as the ‘greatest athlete on Earth.’  Zebich appeared around the country performing feats of strength and would pay any comer $5,000 if he could beat him.”

“Legend has it that he once tied horses to each of his arms, locked both hands together and the horses were unable to pull them apart.  He could lift a dinner table with his mouth.  His arms were so strong that a knife dropped point first from a height of several feet would bounce off without breaking his skin.”

“He could pick up horses and everything,” Bizic said.  “Oh, everybody loved Peter Zebich!”  

Bob Bauder was having a good time getting this interview from two gentlemen brothers from Illinois, if I remember correctly, who were recollecting with Steve Klipa from Monroeville.  Steve related how he had inherited a bottle of Peter Zebich’s medicinal brew from an aunt who passed away.  It was one of her (and now his!) most prized possessions.

“The photos brought back old memories for the folks who showed up for the exhibit, but the event was also a reunion for old friends.  Steve Gacesa of New Brighton, PA, known for building Serbian churches around the country, said he came for the latter.  ‘I just wanted to see if any of my friends would be here.'”

There was a whole board exhibited with the work “Kum” Steve did on the Shadeland Church for material cost, in honor of his deceased Mother.  I was happy that Bob had included Steve Gacesa in his article, as Steve is such a humble man, he never would have mentioned his accomplishments unless I had pointed them out to Bob.

Gino Piroli and Peter Zebich

An old friend of mine, Frannie Kluz, of Sewickley, PA, called me on my birthday, July 30, and asked if I had seen the article in the Allegheny TIMES about Peter Zebich written by longtime columnist, Gino Piroli.   At the time, I hadn’t, so she brought it over.

Gino wrote these 2001 headlines:  “Strongman Zebich Could Hold a Crowd.”  

“My congratulations to Mim Bizic, who was featured in a Times story about her collection of photos and articles of Serbian history.  I’ve mentioned Bizic, who is the librarian at the Edgeworth Elementary School, in past columns for her leadership in the Veterans Day celebrations at the school the last two years.  What caught my eye in the recent story was her mention of Peter Zebich.”  (Gino grew up with the Serbs in Aliquippa and the Italians and Serbs are very close there.)

Gino goes on:  “Peter Zebich was a legendary strongman, touted as the Serbian Paul Bunyan, who toured Serbian settlements in this country displaying various feats of strength.  I remember him coming to Aliquippa around 1935 for a show at the old Serbian Club just a block from our home.  He wore those knee-high Cossack-type boots and had a full beard.  A few of us crawled through the front windows of the hall to see the show.”

Gino later explained to me that the reason why they were so successful in doing so, is that all of the people were in the back, watching Zebich.

“I was curious to find out whether any others were present or recalled the event,” Gino wrote.  “I called Mike Reback, John Musolin, Nick Hayden, Lou Ceccarelli, Veda Milanovich and Dr. Wally Zernich and e-mailed Dorothy Vuynovich in San Diego for help.  Although all remembered the event and could tell some story about Zebich, no one could pinpoint a date.”

“Popovich remembered all of us slipping into the hall with my older brother, Bill.  He said Zebich also came to Aliquippa to sell his magic strength elixir outside the tunnel entrance to the Jones and Laughlin Steel works on paydays.”

“Reback’s recollection of Zebich was his coming to West Aliquippa twice, once performing at the Slovak Hall and once at the Crow Island baseball field.  Zernich remembered Zebich frequenting his father’s tavern and showing some of his acts of strength.

“Vuynovich, whose maiden name was Winowich, remembered Zebich coming to her family’s home in Beaver Falls decked out in a military uniform.  Her husband, Nick, was the steward of the Serbian Club at the time that Zebich came to Aliquippa.

“Of course, I also turned to my Serbian historian, Yovan Vukmaravich, who had a file on Zebich and turned up an article from 1976 in the Srbobran, the Serbian newspaper.  The article refereed to a phrase common in town when someone tried or did some show of strength:  “Who do you think you are, Peter Zebich?”

Piroli then goes on to share his findings from Jovan:  “Zebich was born in 1877 in Kostajnica, now a part of Croatia and the birthplace of many of the Serbians who settled in Midland.  The Aliquippa Serbs came primarily from Vrgin Most, about an hour away from Kostajnica.”

“The article said Zebich came to America in 1911.  Some of his acts included tying his long hair to a full beer barrel and lifting it and swinging it in circles.  He also lifted the beer barrel with his teeth, could bend an iron bar like a coil round his arm and stand strapped between horses and hold them at bay.  He died in Cleveland in 1947.”

Gino concluded his article about the Serbs with more information on the Serbian Hall on Hopewell Avenue which was officially known as the Serbian Independent Society Golub.  “Most thought Golub meant club, but it means ‘dove’ and how it fits into the name I’m not sure.”

“The late Sam Milanovich (former SNF Athletic Director) told of his days as the captain of the University of Pittsburgh basketball team and on a train trip to an away game, the large letters on the club’s façade were visible from the train.  The team members kidded Sam that the Serbs in Aliquippa weren’t too bright because they didn’t even know how to spell the word ‘club.'”

The Zebich poster Piroli was talking about came from the Centennial Historic Photo Exhibit.  It was sent to the Serb National Federation in 1977 from a Serb from Vancouver, British Columbia, who had it in his possession from the time Zebich performed there in 1934 or 1935.  So Gino’s 1935 date was right on target.

Again, the phones were ringing off the hook as one Serb in the Beaver Valley called another.  The news spread from neighborhood to neighborhood.  “Did you see Gino Piroli’s column on Peter Zebich?”  

He truly is a community treasure, and one of the best-loved guys of the Valley.

I wrote a letter to the editor (appeared August 6, 2001) that started like this:  “Who does Gino Piroli think he is, Peter Zebich?  There he goes with all of his many years and ills, still entertaining us, his faithful readers to the hilt, and lifting us up like barbells!”

I also mentioned that in my father’s book, EARLY DAYS, SERBIAN PIONEERS IN AMERICA: THEIR LIFE AND TIMES, there’s a photo of Peter Zebich and the caption reads:  “Touring strongman Peter Zebich hired Rade Kozic’s horses to prove they could not pry his folded arms apart.”  What a promoter Zebich was to rent out local horses to increase local interest in his amazing feats.

I had e-mailed Gino a picture of Peter Zebich, but he had already received a very good photo of the Serbian strongman from Ralph and Elaine Salaya in San Diego.  Elaine remembered sitting next to me this past year in Weirton at a choir function.  I was next to her 90 yr.-old mother and reminisced with her.  Isn’t the world small?

Gino informed me that Peter Zebich was the subject of a local Radio Talk Show where people called in for more than an hour discussing his feats, and that he received many phone calls at home with people sharing their reminisces of Zebich.   And to think that it all stemmed from me making sure Bob Bauder realized the importance of Zebich to the Serbs at the Exhibit!

The photos truly were wonderful:  WWI Serbian Red Cross Workers in New York with Mrs. Pekich as president;  the framed photo of the American Serb bomber (9/12/43), the King Peter photos when he was in Washington, DC feted by President Roosevelt and the Washington Press Corps, Libertyville St. Sava Monastery Dedication (9/6/31), the Nationality Day’s War Bond Parade in Pittsburgh;  the Medal of Honor Winner Mitchell Paige at the SNF Home Office in 1944, Barberton, Ohio Sokols from 1914, Fr. Mateja Metejic and his work on Kosovo and Vidovdan, Tillie Klaich and his Balkan Serenaders with their Fijaker, the first SNF Stipendists sent to Belgrade in 1934, and even Joan Erdelan, later known as actress Jan Darling, crowned Tournament Beauty Queen in 1953.  

The Exhibit featured our summer camp programs, the Hilander Project in Cleveland, the SNF employees with Mr. Bratich, Bishop Sava on Tour of the Print Shop with Danny Kukich, more photos of typesetter workers in the Print Shop in the 1940’s,  maps of the WWII Holocaust, the rescued U.S. airmen and Draza Mihailovich, Srbobran Crossword Puzzles by Bill Drazich, and photos of the American Serbs in Chicago observing “Vidov Dan” activities on July 2, 1944 with Chicago choir Branko Radicevich singing “Kosovo Elegy,” and the Popovich Brothers and Sloboda Choir singing the famous “Chetnik March” (Spremte se, Spremte, Cetnici!”) in front of a theater for the premiere of the movie “Chetniks, the Fighting Guerrillas.”

Also included were photos of the marches and demonstrations against the illegal 10 year war waged against the Serbs 1990-2000.  One of the best is of Jennifer Bobik and Danica Wuchenich holding my Serbian flag in Washington, DC in 1995 with a sign that says “The Serbs Were The First To Stand Up To Hitler, Too!  Shame on NATO!” I believe it was the 1990’s equivalent of the 1943 picture of the War Bond Ladies.  

One of my all time favorites was a photo of what looked like hundreds of Serbian men lined up on the streets, including a full dress band, in 
Douglas, Alaska on Serbian Christmas, 1905.  They belonged to the Serbian Cultural Society “Lovchen,” #57 of the S.P.S. Srbobran.  They wrote on the photo:  “We extend our brotherly reach to other Serbs throughout America, spending our own monies to do so, and guard our people’s national identity, our good Serbian name, our Serbian faith and our customs.”

The SNF Historic Photo Exhibit was a salute to those pioneers who gave so freely of themselves to guard our people’s national identity, our good Serbian name, our Serbian faith and our customs.  They live!  Ziveli!

This “Servian” Society badge is from the “SLOGA” No.8 Lodge, February 1910 in Pittsburgh, PA. Note the presence of the American and Serbian flags, ALWAYS!

The black ribboned badge next to it would have been worn for funerals.  It reads (right to left ) Serbian Orthodox Lodge; Mother of God #16; organized on the 10/28 February, 1902 on the South Side of Pittsburgh, PA.


The Federation of United Serbian Benevelent Lodge “St. Sava” of Vidovdan (June 27, 1897) from McKeesport, PA.  It says “Saint Savoy” (Sava?) on the top with the 4 C’s and the cross.

The badge next to it is the Serbian Orthodox Brotherhood Lodge of St. Nikola, No. 7, organized 13th of August, 1900, in Wilmerding, PA. (Now Monroeville parish.)

Again, be sure to notice the crossed American and Serbian flags.


These 2 photos were from a 1938/39 SNF Calendar.

Kolo Srpski Sestara in Pittsburgh, with their priest, Fr. David Popovic. (Protoj O. Davidom Popovichem.)
Serbian Singing Federation “Philip Visnich” Choir of St. Sava’s Church located on S. 21st & Sidney Streets on Pittsburgh’s South Side, shown here with their choir director,
Dr. Professor Boris Dobrovolsky.

From Pgh. Post-Gazete article, preparing for the exhibit, 7/20/01


From the Beaver Co. Times, Monday July 21, 2001
From a 1927 ad in the S.P.L “SLOBODA”
“The Duty of Every
Serbo-American Youth is:
To ever cherish the great deeds and protect the traditional honor of their race, so indelibly written in the history pages with the blood of greatest heroism—ever mindful that this will establish the highest position in American citizenship.”
“This organization is dedicated to this cause and is inviting membership in its fold.”
Serb National Federation
The Largest Serb Fraternal and Beneficial Organization.
Publishers of the AMERICAN SRBOBRAN, the Largest Serbian Daily Newspaper in America.
National Home, 3414 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA
All photos below are from the
Serb National Federation Archives
in Pittsburgh, PA


American Bomber…. American Serbs bought this airplane to help America win WWII! This bomber’s nose is painted “AMERICAN SERBIAN.”


Mary Erdel is seen on right of photo of General Draza Mihailovich as the bomber presentation takes place.  Also recognized in photo is Danilo Kavachevich, Bronko Pekich, Simo Verlinich and Bishop Dionisije.  Far right corner is Martha Mamula Belosh in folk costume.


The American Bomber was christened at the Fourth Convention of the Serb National Federation held at Webster Hall, Pittsburgh, PA, September 12, 1943
You can be SURE all of these folks donated money for the American bomber!


Serbian Booth in downtown Pittsburgh, selling war bonds in 1942:  L-R: Veda Yorkich, Anna Pekich, Martha Stone.

Newspaper clipping says: “‘The song of the Serb Guerrillas’ was sung by these three young women at the Serb War Bonds Booth at Market Street, holding a photo of General Draza Mihailovich.”


King Peter II visits America, here shown in Washington, DC. In his address to the nation on December 9, 1941 (2 days after Pearl Harbor!), President Roosevelt spoke of the Serbs as America’s allies and friends.  The American SRBOBRAN reprinted his address the following day. King Peter was welcomed by President Roosevelt to the White House as the ruler of a heroic and friendly nation.


Massilon, OH Serbs, with Fr. Zivadinovich. (Now CANTON).


Lodge “Stevan Sindjulich,” Miami, Arizona Serbs


Bratska Sloga, Buffalo, NY!


SNF Pres. Bob Stone and Pistol Pete Maravich…..1970’s?


Braca Jugovic Lodge #252 of the SNF, 1938.  “Welcome!”

This Freedom, PA lodge, under the strong leadership of + George Pevac, is to always be remembered for its humanitarian response in sending $10,000 from its hard earned-treasury to help the Serbian Relief Efforts during the wars in Croatia and Bosnia, as the refugees from those areas poured into Serbia.  There were hundreds of thousands of refugees in Serbia without food and shelter.

Serb Exodus from Krajina, Croatia (after Operation STORM, “OLUJA” Aug.4-7, 1995! 220,000 Serbs fled en masse on tractors, whatever; hundreds staying behind were killed, most in a brutal fashion.  1995.


Jan Darling, movie star, won this SNF Beauty Queen contest.


WWII Caption reads:

“Vidan Vukovitch, after 2 years of fighting with the Mihailovich guerrillas, finds only his mother and sister alive out of a family of 16, at the charred remains of his home. 


Early 1920’s photo of the St. George Serbian Orthodox Sunday School on S. 16th Street, Pittsburgh, PA, Branko Pekich, head teacher.  This was a gift to the SNF from Ljubica Pekich Todorovich.


Pittsburgh’s Holy Trinity Serbian Orthodox Church Bus says “Niko Nema Sto Srbin Imade,” or “Nobody has what the Serbs have” in front of +Nick Musulin’s garage on the South Side of Pittsburgh, PA, waiting to escort South Siders to Whitehall in the 1970s.


Supreme Council and Judicial Board of the Serb National Federation of the United States of America in session at Pittsburgh, PA, January 29, 1938. Simo Verlinich, President; Luka Kristoforovich, VP; and Danilo Kovachevich, Treasurer.


Painting of Louis Cukelja, Serbian hero, at the SNF headquarters.  Louis won the Congressional Medal of Honor, not once, but TWICE!  Read about this American on the Famous American Serbs page.


Bronko Generalovich. Caption reads, “Best Blast Furnace Foreman for Sharon Steel.”  Branko’s son, Brian Generalovich, was Pitt’s famous basketball star, became a very successful dentist, and also headed up Pitt’s Alumni Fund-raising efforts.


Anyone recognize American Serb, Mladen Sekulovich?  Better known as Karl Malden, Academy Award winning actor, author, and most famous for making sure the name “Sekulovich” was said in EVERY episode of “The Streets of San Francisco” TV shows.


Wish I could have been at this picnic held by Lodge #138, “MLADA NEDELJA” in Salem, Ohio, Summer of 1926!  Serbs know how to have good times!  If YOU are not a member of the Serb National Federation , join now!  We need you!

Call the SNF at 412-642-7372


George Musulin, PITT football star, ran off the field when he heard the news about the death of King Alexander in 1934, shouting, “They shot my King, they shot my King!”

George Musulin is fondly regarded, remembered as being in charge of the OSS rescue of the 512 downed American flyers from behind German-occupied enemy lines in Yugoslavia.  George was recalled by Washington (due to George not trusting British intelligence-which proved right when British spies Kim Philby & his gang were finally exposed as double agents), and Captain Nick Lalich of Cleveland, OH succeeded him.  George had a huge Military Funeral in Washington, with Nick and Congresswoman Helen Delich Bentley and many others mourning his loss.

Amazingly, George also played for Art Rooney’s Steeler Football team in 1938 too!  Only then, they were called the Pittsburgh PIRATES.  George Vuynovich, hero of the book THE FORGOTTEN 500 by Gregory Freeman, recalls George Musulin telling him that the Pittsburgh football players then made $25 or $30 per game, depending on the outcome, and they had to bring their own helmets!


SNF Past President Steve Pyevich, Traci Weir, layout artist and English Section Editor, Sandi Radoja, of the American SRBOBRAN.


P. Rhody Brenlove, first SNF legal advisor, 1939-1952.  Rhody was also the FIRST Serb lawyer in Pittsburgh.


December, 1959 article in the SRBOBRAN from the priest in Jasenak, Ogulin, thanking Andja Mamula, Martha Belosh and Mileva Mrvos and all their relatives for giving funds to rebuild the church of “St. Czar Lazara,” burnt down in WWII.


“A Century of Serbdom, 1901-2001”; beautiful tole painting of the red poppies by Georgette Osman and her very talented Mom, Billie Brnilovich.


Dr. Milutin Lazich, opera star, leads off the S.N.F. Centennial Celebration at the Westin Hotel in downtown Pittsburgh, 2001.


Andja Mamula holding the “Distinguished Service Cross,” award earned by her son, M/Sgt. George Mamula in the Korean War. Article “Hero’s Welcome Set for South Side GI” appeared in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. SRBOBRAN story, March 5, 1952.  Mamula also served with Merrill’s Marauders in WWII.


WWII hero Mitchell Paige,of Charleroi, PA, Congressional Medal of Honor awardee, visits the SNF office to the delight of the staff! In his book A MARINE NAMED MITCH, Paige tells of the “Maiden of Kosovo” painting always hanging in his parents’ kitchen.

From the collection of Mim Bizic
Serb National Federation 40th Anniversary, June 15, 1941



Two pages of early SNF historic photos in Milan Karlo’s EARLY DAYS: SERBIAN SETTLERS IN AMERICA book. The caption reads: “Founder members of the Serb National Federation Fraternal, pioneer organizations and newspapers in its first 40 years (1941). The Alaskans in Douglas (top left) also had a church of their own.  The old McKeesport, PA church (bottom right) was the third oldest in America, founded in 1901. The book is full of heartwarming stories of our early Serbian immigrants from the western part of the United States. 

The first photo of the Douglas, Alaska Serbs features the Serbian “LOVCHEN” lodge #57 of the S.P.S. Srbobran from (Serbian) Christmas Day, January 7, 1905, who considered it “their sacred honor and duty to maintain the good names, customs and faith of the their people.”

The second photo is the Fourth Convention of the S.P.S. Srbobran 1905, Harrisburg, PA.

The third photo, top right, features the Serbian Sokols from Barberton, Ohio in 1914, “one of many sokol groups found throughout the country.”


Photo caption says it all!  This was Nikola Mamula’s KUM and best friend.  They lived only 1/2 block from each other, all of their lives in America. Bozo Mamula was the one who signed Nikola’s Citizenship papers, Nov. 15, 1915.  (See Andja’s FOLK COSTUME page)

Both Nikola and Bozo were so proud of their SNF “PIONEER” affiliation right from the start of the organization.

“Bozo” isn’t pronounced as an English-speaking person would normally say it, but more like “Bozh-o” with a short “o” at the end.  It means “of God” like “Bozidar” would mean “God’s gift”; “Bogdan” would mean “God’s day.”  Boz(h)o is a beautiful name indicating the pride of the parents and their gratitude to God for giving them this child. Vjecnaja Pamjat to these wonderful pioneers!  Memory Eternal!

Bozo Mamula is the GREAT grandfather of Bob Susnjer, the creator of the web links of Famous America Serbs found elsewhere on this site. As the tree is bent……


These badges are presently on display at the W.PA Heinz History Museum in Pittsburgh, but were originally from the Serb National Federation Museum collection.  The first badge is from the Serbian Orthodox Brotherhood of St. Nikola Lodge in Slovan, PA, 1916.

Next to it is a badge with photos of King Peter I from Serbia and President Woodrow Wilson of the USA; from the 10th Annual Convention of the Servian Orthodox Society SRBOBRAN, from Pittsburgh PA, September, 1911.

The little round pin in the middle says Serbian Day on top, features the 4 C’s crest in the middle, and underneath it says 1924, and on the bottom, it tells us its from Kennywood Park. Serbian Day at Kennywood!

The final badge is from the 1st delegation of Pittsburgh, June, 1931. (When all the lodges merged into the SNF).